LIBERALISM - Question: How to avoid war?;
Movements to preserve peace, that could only be achieved through the balance of power
First university department: Wales (Aberystwyth), soon after: departments in the UK and US
Practical and institutional measures
1920 - League of Nations at Geneva;
1922 - Permanent Court at The Hague
First "Great Debate"
1930 - 1940
Liberalism verus Realism
Second establishment of the discipline
REALISM - Question: Why states are conflictual?;
Subject of analysis: power and state-interest;
Second "Great Debate"
1950 - 1960
Behaviourism versus Traditionalism
Third "Great Debate"
1960 - 1970
Neorealism vs Neoliberalism vs Neo-Marxism
Fourth "Great Debate"
1980 - 1990
constructivism versus rational or positivist approaches (liberalism, realism and marxism)