Napoleon was the Emperor of the French and also the King of Italy as Napoleon I. His actions shaped European politics in the early 19th century. ... became important under the First French Republic. He led successful campaigns against Coalitions of enemies of the Revolution.
The Meeting of the Estates General
May 5 1789 - June 15, 1789
The Estates-General was a meeting of the three estates within French society which included the clergy, nobility and the peasant classes. The estate to which a person belonged was very important because it determined that a person's rights, obligations, and status.
The Tennis Court Oath
June 1789 - 1791
The Tennis Court Oath was a pledge that was signed in the early days of the French Revolution and was an important revolutionary act that displayed the belief that political authority came from the nation's people and not from the monarchy.
The Storming of the Bastille
July 14 1789
Traditionally, this fortress was used by French kings to imprison subjects that didn't agree with them politically, making the Bastille a representation of the oppressive nature of the monarchy. This event was the start of the French Revolution and the eventual fall of the French monarchy.
The Reign of Terror
September 5, 1793 - July 28, 1794
Reign of Terror lasted from September 1793 until the fall of Robespierre in 1794. Its purpose was to purge France of enemies of the Revolution and protect the country from foreign invaders.
Napoleon’s Empire Collapses
Napoleon surrendered and gave up the French throne, ending his reign. Napoleon had a great desire to defeat Britain. Even though he had conquered most of Europe. He committed three mistakes that led him to the collapse of his empire.
The Congress of Vienna
November 1814 - 1823
The Congress of Vienna was held from September of 1814 to June of 1815. After the downfall of Napoleon Bonaparte, this international conference was called to create a balance among the European powers in such a way so as to prevent future wars and maintain peace and stability on the European continent.