The history of Afghanistan. 1700-Present


First Anglo-Afghan War

1839 - 1842

England wanted to install a previous ruler, Shah Shuja, so they invaded. In 1841 the Afghans rose up against English rule and by 1842 had driven them out.

Second Anglo-Afghan War

1878 - 1880

Britain and Russia were playing a big "game" over territory. According to Britain, Afghanistan was an open lane to/from Russia and that if Afghanistan was under friendly rule then Britain would be free to rule. When the current leader, Sher Ali Khan, didn't react to British influence quick enough, Britain invaded.

Third Anglo-Afghan War

May 1919 - June 1919

After Emir Amanullah Khan's father was assassinated and he rose to power, he was a chance to take independence from Britain. So he organized a revolution, and took independence.

Civil War

1979 - 1988

The USSR invades and institutes communism, then the Mujaheddin revolt against the Soviets and by 1988 the last Soviet Troops pull out.

Civil War

January 1992 - December 1992

After the Communist Government is overthrown, the Taliban start a civil war. They believe in hard-core, radical Islam. Most people of the day had a more relaxed view on Islamic law.

Taliban take Kabul

January 1996 - December 1996

The Taliban take Kabul and introduce hard-line Islam.

NATO steps in

October 2001 - 2012

After 9/11 NATO and the USA step in to crush the Taliban.

Bonn Deal Reached

December 2001 - February 2002

The Bonn Deal, an agreement on who will govern Afghanistan after the War was reached, providing a light at the end of the tunnel.

First Election

January 2005 - December 2005

The first election since 1969 is held, democracy is finally taking shape. But warlords take office.

Things Fall Apart

2007 - 2008

Opium production soars, bombings rise, Karzai warns that fighting may erupt.

War Breaks Out

January 2008 - December 2008

Bush sends soldiers into Afghanistan, sparking the flames of war.

Peace, Maybe?

January 2012 - December 2012

After years of fighting, the Taliban start taking steps toward peace.