Palestinian History & Heodian Dynasty: Strauss, Mark L. Four Portraits, One Jesus: An Introduction to Jesus and the Gospels. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2007.
New Testament Books: Barton, John & John Muddiman (editors). The Oxford Bible Commentary. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
The Life of Jesus & Paul: Elwell, Walter A. & Robert W. Yarbrough. Encountering the New Testament: A Historical and Theological Survey, 3rd ed. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2013.
Governors, Emperors & People: Levine, Amy-Jill & Marc Zvi Brettler. The Jewish Annotated New Testament, 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.
First-century Writers: Braund, Susanna Morton. Latin literature. New York: Routledge, 2002
Pauline authenticity: Crossan, John Dominic. How to Read the Bible & Still be a Christian: Is God Violent? An Exploration from Genesis to Revelation. New York: HarperOne, 2015.