Rooted in: Capitalism, Androcentrism, Ableism
Learning is: Acquisition, preparation for the workforce
Learners are consumers of information or empty vessels needing to be filled. A product in the process of being manufactured. The individual viewed as deficient. Learners are measured in terms of norms-(Davis, Sumara & Luce-Kapler, 2015)
Focus: Physical Sciences, assessment and evaluation, education as a factory generating workers,
Consequences: Learners are commodified, notion of "normal" or "average" is developed, creates and reinforces hierarchies.