The Association of American Universities is founded. It was founded promote higher standards and put U.S. universities on an equal footing with European universities.
Indianola Junior High School
July 6th, 1909
In an effort to raise graduation rates in the high school, Indianola Junior High School opened. This marked the first junior high school to open in the United States.
June 15, 1917
The Smith-Hughes Act passes, providing federal funding for agricultural and vocational education. It is later repealed in 1997.
September 4th, 1929
The Great Depression begins with the stock market crash in October. The U.S. economy is devastated. Public education funding suffers greatly, resulting in school closings, teacher layoffs, and lower salaries.
Alverez vs. Board of Trustees
March 31st, 1931
The first successful school desegregation court case in the United States, as the local court ruled placing Mexican-American children in a separate "Americanization" school unconstitutional.
McCollum vs. Board of Education
March 8th, 1948
In the case of McCollum v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court ruled that schools cannot allow "released time" during the school day. Which allowed students to participate in religious education in their public school classrooms.
Brown vs. Board of Education
May 17th, 1954
On May 17th, the U.S. Supreme Court announces its decision in the case of Brown v. Board. of Education of Topeka, ruling that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal".
Higher Education Act
The Higher Education Act was signed at Southwest Texas State College on November 8. It increased federal aid to higher education and provides for scholarships, student loans, and established a National Teachers Corps.
First charter school opens.
No Child Left Behind
The law mandates high-stakes student testing, holds schools accountable for student achievement levels, and provides penalties for schools that do not make adequate yearly progress toward meeting the goals of NCLB.