Louis XVI calls the meeting of the Estates General.
Meeting with all 3 estates.
The meeting was called to address financial issues.
The Tennis Court Oath
Third Estate locked out of meeting.
Third Estate met in indoor tennis court.
Tennis Court Oath said "never separate and meet wherever the circumstances might require until we have a sound and just constitution.
The Storming of Bastille
July 14, 1789
There was a rumor that the king of was planning a military coup against the National Assembly.
Peasants decide to start a revolution.
Storm the Bastille: a old military fortress where the king used to put prisoners.
Tear it down brick by brick.
Reign of Terror
1793 - 1794
Revolutionary Tribunal of Paris alone executed 2,639 victims in 15 months.
Total number of deaths was 40,000.
The Reign of Terror was the guillotine.
Rise of Napoleon and Creation of an Empire
Plebiscite: Popular vote done by ballot (everyone always voted for his policies)
Consul for life.
1804-1814: French senate made him their emperor.
1804-1812 military successes on the ground due to leadership skills and large armies.
Placed puppet rulers on conquered thrones.
Napoleon's Empire Collapses
1805 - 1815
He loses against Great Britain.
Loses again against Russia.
580,000 of his men die from cold and starvation on their way home from Russia.
Napoleon is shipped away to Elba.
He tries to come back and his shipped away again to St. Helena
Dies May 5, 1821 on St. Helena
Congress of Vienna
1814 - 1815
Austria, France, Great Britain, Prussia, and Russia sought to stabilize Europe (no more revolution).
Redrew the European Map
Principle of Legitimacy
Concert of Europe
Balance of Power