James W. Marshall discovers gold at John Sutters Lumber mill. He found the gold in the American River, in East Sacramento.
Newspaper Announces Gold
March 15th 1848 - May 12th 1848
The Californian Newspaper in San Francisco reports the gold discovery in the Sierra, but most San Franciscans remained skeptical.
Gold Announced And Scavenged
May 12th 1848 - May 20th 1848
Samuel Brannan runs around San Francisco yelling gold, with a chunk of gold in his hand. He found this gold in the American River. Almost all of the male population of San Francisco go mining for gold in the American River.
Samuel's Store Gets Popular
May 12th 1848 - July 6th 1848
Samuel Brannan who found gold and announced it to the public overcharged his items and made 36,000 dollars. He made 750,000 dollars in today's money. He would sell the crucial products miners needed.
The First Gold Ship Departs
Nov 8th 1848 - December 5th 1848
November 8th was when the First Gold Ship departed 500,000 dollars of gold for the U.S. Mint.
Chinese Immigrants Arrive in San Francisco
December 6th 1848 - August 1849
Chinese Immigrants arrive in San Francisco in hopes to find gold. Many came for this dream.
Sep 1849 - 1850
The Forty-Niners were 90,000 migrants who heard of gold and came to search for it. 2/3rds of the migrants were White Americans. 97% of the migrants were men.
San Francisco's Population
1850 - Sep 1850
San Francisco's population grew from less than 1000 to over 30,000.
California Becomes A State
Sep 1850 - 1852
Because of the huge population burst, Washington agrees to the Compromise of 1850. It became a free (non-slave) state.
Gold Amounts In 1852
1852 - 1854
The gold amounts in 1852 were an all-time high counting in at 81 million dollars worth of gold found.