Mental disorders were now treated as actual diseases. Before this, mental illness was viewed as coming from the gods or from had to do with religious causes. Treatment now included quiet, drugs and occupation.
1401 - 1500
It was in this time that mental illness was thought to come from supernatural causes. To help cure the mentally ill, they would bore a hole into the head to release evil spirits (Trephining). They would also preform exorcisms on people as a way to release the evil spirits that were thought to cause mental illness.
First Mental Institution in Europe
The first mental health institution for the mentally ill in Europe was opened in Valencia, Spain.
He had visited an insane asylum in Spain after the French Revolution. He saw that people there were chained to the walls in dungeons and had ordered that those people be freed. He instead had them brought to sunny rooms and let them exercise on the grounds.
First Asylum in the US
The first mental asylum was opened on October 12, 1773. It was located in Williamsburg, Virginia. During this time period, the mentally ill were seen as nothing more than just entertainment
He was a German psychiatrist and was one of the first people to draw distinctions between different mental disorders. His distinctions between schizophrenia and manic depressive disorder are still used today.
Clifford Beers published an autobiography titled "A Mind That Found Itself". In it, he talked about his own experience of being dehumanized in a mental institute in Connecticut. He called for reform and ended up leading the National Committee for Mental Hygiene.
National Mental Health Act
President Harry Truman signed the National Mental Health Act. In doing so, a National Institute of Mental Health was called for to conduct research into the mind and behavior in order to help reduce mental illness.
Many mentally ill people are removed from institutions. The number of institutionalized people drops from 560,000 to 130,000 in the United States. Some are transferred to mental health homes but many are left on the streets to be homeless.
The Wellstone and Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act
2008 - 2010
This act was passed so that insurers who provided mental health coverage couldn't put limitations on to benefits that aren't equal to other benefits on medical health coverage