One of the earliest public asylums, incorporated in 1547 in London; this first English “lunatic Asylum” became popularly known as “Bedlam”
Elizabethan Poor Law
Established a system that provided shelter and care for the poor. It also specified local responsibility for the poor and disadvantaged.
1745 - 1826
French physician who took over the Bicetre insane asylum and forbade the use of chains and shackles. He removed patients from dungeons, provided them with sunny rooms, and also allowed them to exercise on the grounds.
1802 - 1887
U.S. reformer who lobbied to establish 32 state hospitals for the mentally ill. On a tour from 1854-1856, she convinced Pope Pius to examine how cruelly the mentally ill were treated.
Government Hospital for the Insane
The Last Orphan Train
The Orphan Train Movement was a supervised welfare program that transported orphaned and homeless children from crowded Eastern cities of the United States to foster homes located largely in rural areas of the Midwest. This received extreme criticism and the last Orphan Train delivered its last train load in 1929.
Social Security Act
President Roosevelt set up the Social Security Act. The bases of putting money into Social Security so you get money back when you retire.
Federal Security Agency
The Federal Security Agency was an independent agency of the United States government established in 1939 pursuant to the Reorganization Act of 1939. It was an agency established to house the government's health, education and welfare programs.
The Social Security Act creates Medicare, health insurance provided to the elderly to relieve some of the stresses of family taking care of them.