Education becomes a doctrine of Protestants settling in New England. Schools are publicly funded and mandatory in many communities until the approach of the Civil War.
Freedmen's Bureau open schools throughout the country designed to support newly emancipated communities in the South
After Civil War, federal government installs a wide swath of public schools throughout the South (and North)
Education of young children in a tax-funded public school becomes the norm shortly after the Civil War.
A chain of laws throughout the country bar public funds from supporting Catholic schools.