Charleston, South Carolina secedes from Union. The Union demands they turn over their equipment. Lincoln declines and Union takes over Fort Sumter. There were no casualties
Bull Run or Manassas Junction
July 21, 1861
McDowell leads Union to attack the Confederates at Bull Run creek. Confederates were reinforced on Henry Hill by Thomas Stonewall Jackson and held their position to win.
March 1862 - July 1862
Basically the Union and Confederate met and battled for seven days. The Confederates drove the Union back leading to their victory.
Monitor and Merrimack (The Battle of Hampton Roads)
Mar 8 1862 - Mar 9 1862
The first ironclad ships, the Monitor and Merrimack, met on March 9, 1862. They fired at each other, but nothing really happend. This marked the end of the era of wooden ships.
April 6, 1862 - April 7, 1862
Confederates surprise attack Union troops at a location known as Shiloh. Initially the Confederates were winning, however, after reinforcements, the Union took back land and won.
Battle of Antietam
September 16, 1862 - September 18, 1862
In Sharpsburg, Maryland at Antietam Creek McClellan pushed Lee and the Confederates back across the border between the North and the South.
Battle of Chancellorsville
April 30, 1863 - May 6, 1863
Hooker tried to force Lee out of Fredericsburg. Hooker got caught in the forest, never really rebounds, and loses the battle.
Battle of Vicksburg
May 19, 1863 - May 22, 1863
Grant attacks crucial city of Vicksburg, Mississippi which was essential to gain control of the Mississippi River. Initially, the Union failed; however, the Union ended up sieging Vicksburg, and leading to Confederate surrender.