It was the first intense conflict of the civil war. The Confederates bombarded the union fort in the harbor of Charleston and won.
July 21, 1861
The Battle of Bull Run was the first major land battle of the Civil War. It began when 35,000 Union troops marched from the federal capital in Washington, D.C. to strike a Confederate force of 20,000 along a small river known as Bull Run
Approx. March 1862 - Approx. July 1862
It was a major Union operation launched in southeastern Virginia, the first large-scale offensive in the Eastern Theater. George B. McClellan attempted to capture the Confederate capital at Richmond from the southeast during the American Civil Wa
The Monitor and the Merrimack
March 9, 1862
This was the first naval battle between ironclad warships. The Confederates were trying to break the Union blockade of Southern ports, including Norfolk and Richmond, Virginia, that had been imposed at the start of the war.
The Battle of Shiloh
April 6, 1862 - April 7, 1862
One of the bloodiest battles of the civil war. It was a crucial success for the Union Army, led by Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's Army of Tennessee. It allowed Grant to begin a massive operation in the Mississippi Valley later that year.
Battle of Antietam
September 16, 1862 - September 18, 1862
Antietam was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history with over 23,000 casualties in roughly 12 hours. The battle ended the Confederate invasion of Maryland in 1862 and resulted in a Union victory.
Battle of Chancellorsville
Apr 30, 1863 - May 6, 1863
Lee's "greatest Victory". He split his troops in half and conquered a foe twice as large as his own force.
May 19, 1863 - May 22, 1863
This victory gave control of the Mississippi River to the Union.