"prior to 1861, what would later be called social studies was in a rather chaotic condition with a number of isolated subjects appearing in the curriculum. Indeed, there were twenty-two fields of history eleven of geography, six of civics, political economy an array of mental and moral philosophy and religious education (Roorbach,T937,p. 7). The foremost aim was to help students understand the sacred antiquities and to appreciate classical literature. " (Evans, Ch. 1, pg. 5, 2004)
Numerous History, philosophy, political and religious subjects provided the framework for a very early Social Studies education. Early Social Studies in it's chaotic state would emphasize the classics and aim to help students understand the "antiquities". Social Studies would change dramatically over the years into it's current state.