Portuguese kidnapped Africans from Angola and brought them to Jamestown in North America.
African slaves Mary and Anthony Johnson rose in society to become plantation owners and owned a slave themselves. During this time slavery wasn't only race based at this time it was poor vs. rich.
Punishment of slaves
A Virginia court sentenced rebellious servant John Punch to a lifetime of slavery. During this time severe punishment was only given to black slaves and not white servants.
Property not people
Virginia court ruled that children born to enslaved mothers were the property of the mothers owner.
Slaves formed a majority of the labor force by 1690, 7% of the population.
African American population rose from 7% to 44% by 1750.
In the south the invention of the cotton gin made cotton a major industry and increased the need for slave labor.
Slave Trade Outlawed
With a self-sustaining population of over four million slaves in the South, some Southern congressmen joined with the North in voting to abolish the African slave trade, an act that became effective January 1, 1808.
President Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which declared that as of January 1, 1863, all slaves in the states currently engaged in rebellion against the Union “shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.”
The 13th Amendment states: “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”