Cold War era 1945-1989

Main

Yalta Conference -- Genesis of Cold War

2/04/1945 - 2/11/1945

USSR explodes its first atomic bomb

9/15/1949

Rosenburg spy executions

6/19/1953

USSR launches Sputnik into Earth orbit

10/04/1957

U.S. U2 spy plane shot down over Russia

5/1/1960

USSR astronaut Gagarin first to orbit Earth

4/12/1961

U.S. lands first man on moon

7/20/1969

SALT I nuclear treaty signed

7/15/1972

SALT II nuclear treaty signed

7/15/1979

Reagan and Gorbachev resolve

10/1/1986 - 10/31/1986

resolve to remove all intermediate nuclear missiles from Europe

Berlin era

Germany surrenders to Allies

5/08/1945

Berlin Blockade begins

6/24/1948

by USSR

Berlin Blockade ends

5/12/1949

Khrushchev demands U.S. troops leave Berlin

11/15/1958

Berlin border closed

8/13/1961

Construction of the Berlin Wall begins

8/17/1961

Kennedy visits troops in Germany

6/25/1963

Fall of the Berlin Wall

11/09/1989

PRC era

Communists take control of China

9/15/1949

China detonates its first atomic bomb

10/16/1964

China puts down protests for democracy

6/15/1989

Vietnam War era

Vietnam splits at the 17th parallel

7/15/1954

after the French defeated

U.S. involvement in Vietnam increases

1962

Gulf of Tonkin incident - Start of Vietnam War

8/15/1964

U.S. President extends Vietnam War to Cambodia

4/15/1970

Ceasefire in Vietnam

1/15/1973

Between North Vietnam and U.S.

Last sizable U.S. military units depart South Vietnam

3/01/1973 - 3/31/1973

Saigon falls to North; the end of South Vietnam

4/30/1975

Korean War era

Korean War begins

6/15/1950

Korean War ends

7/15/1953

North Korea captures USS Pueblo

1/15/1968

NATO & Warsaw Pact era

NATO ratified as a military organization

7/15/1949

Warsaw Pact formed

5/15/1955

Cuban Missile Crisis era

Fidel Castro takes over Cuba

1/15/1959

Bay of Pigs invasion; Cuba

4/15/1961

Cuban Missile Crisis

10/15/1962

nuclear war narrowly averted