During the American Revolution, the French supported the American army which resulted in their country becoming broke. Consequently, in 1789, King Louis XVI demanded for the Estates General to encounter, and discuss how they would address the issue of the French debt. In this meeting, the French monarchy concluded that they would raise taxes outrageously.
Tennis Court Oath
June 20, 1789
On June 20, 1789, the members of the French Third Estate decided to create their own constitution, and in this process, they drifted apart from the Estates General. The Tennis Court Oath was taken by these counterparts of the Third Estate to establish their determination, and courage to stay together despite the circumstances. They swore to stand their ground until their constitution is enforced.
Storming of Bastille
July 14, 1789
An exasperated and hostile mob attacked the state prison located on the east side of Paris, the Bastille. This ambush took place on July 14, 1789, and it was called the Storming of the Bastille. The prsion symbolized the dictatorial monarchy, and since the people were tired of their rule, they chose to strike at the Bastille. The brutal atrocity was the beginning and start of the French revolution.
Reign of Terror
September 5, 1793 - July 28, 1794
The Reign of Terror was also called Terror, and the purpose of this period was to get rid of everyone who opposed the French Revolution and to protect the country from invaders. Maximilien de Robespierre, the most prominent portion of the Committee of Public Safety, basically dictated the French government. The commitee, feeling threatened, eliminated all of their enemies and rivals. They also obtained the law that gives suspects the rights to a public trial which led to over 1,400 executions. All of these killings and the Reign of Terror are one of the main causes of the fall of Robespierre, and this was the end of that terrifying time in history.
Rise of Napoleon and Creation of an Empire
March 2, 1796 - April 11, 1814
On March 2, 1796, Napoleon Bonaparte was appointed the commander in chief of the French army after proving his bravery by defending the Directory. From there, he began taking over, controlling, and invading many more countires for France, and eventually was appointed king on March 17, 1805. He was thriving as a king and restoring order back in France, but he had many ups and downs yet he still managed to stay in control. Although, on April 11, 1814, Napoleon Bonaparte wanted his son to take rule because his broken forces gave up, but his suggestion was rejected so Bonaparte abdicated. Him and his army couldn't retaliate from this so that was the end of Bonaparte's reign, and the decline of the First French Empire.
Napoleon's Empire Collapses
April 11, 1814 - June 18, 1815
Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated the throne and got banished to the Mediterranean island of Elba. Although, that didn't stop him because on February 26, 1815, he escaped Elba and took the French throne back during the "Hundred Days" period. His reign didn't last long this time because, on June 18, 1815, he was defetaed in the Battle of the Waterloo which finally ended his reign.
Congress of Vienna
November 1814 - June 1815
The Congresss of Vienna was an assembly held after the Napoleonic wars to agree on the settlement of Europe, and they discussed the reorganziation of Europe as well. It was hosted by dominant European countires like Prussia, Russia, Britain, and France. Ther number one priority was territorial issues, and restoring the monarchy that Napoleon overthrew. The meeting consisted of ambassadors of these major European powers, and was led by an Austrian statesman named Klemens von Metternich. The results of this meeting was that all of the French territories gained by Napoleon were returned, and Russia expanded rapidly.