Rome fell due to invasion by barbarian tribes.
Battle between the Franks an the Umayyad empire. Franks won, halting the Islamic conquests.
Crowned emperor of the Romans, encouraged the Carolingian Renaissance, a cultural and intellectual revival in Europe.
A period in the history of Scandinavians, during which they expanded, raided, and built settlements throughout Europe and beyond.
Conquered England in order to become king and claim the throne.
Military campaigns conducted by European forces to recapture Jerusalem and the Holy Land from Muslim control.
A series of Religious wars between Christians and Muslims that was started primarily to secure holy sites considered sacred by both groups.
An attempt by the leaders of the three most powerful states of Western Christianity to reconquer the Holy Land and Jerusalem after it was captured again.
A peace treaty between King John and his subjects, which demanded that every person had to obey the law, including the King.
Series of conflicts between England and France.