English Monarchs throughout History

House of Wessex

AEthelstan

927 - 939

Was born in 895. Son of Edward the Elder and Ecqwynn. Unmarried. Died on October 27, 939 at about the age of 44.

Edmund I

939 - 946

Born 921. Son of Edward the Elder and Eadgifu of Kent. Was married. Died 946 at about the age of 25 in a brawl.

Eadred

946 - 955

Born 923 AD. Son of Edward the Elder and Eadgifu of Kent. Unmarried. Died 955 at the age of 32.

Eadwig

955 - 959

Son of Edmund I and AElfigifu of Shaftesbury. Was married. Died in 959 at the age of 19.

Edgar the Peaceful

959 - 975

Born 943. Son of Edmund I and AElfgifu of Shaftesbury. Married with children. Died in 975 at the age of 32

Edward the Martyr

975 - 978

Son of Edgar the Peaceful and AEthelflaed. Unmarried. Assassinated at the age of 16 in the year of 978.

AEthelred the Unready

978 - 1013

Son of Edgar the Peaceful and AElfthryth. Born 968. Married twice. Total of 12 children. Died in London in 1016 at the age of 48.

House of Knytlinga

England came under the rule of Danish kings during and following the reign of AEthelred the Unready.

Sweyn Forkbeard

1013 - 1014

Born 960. Son of Harald Bluetooth and Gyrid Olarsdottir. Married twice. Eight children. Died 1014 at the age of 54.

House of Wessex (Restored)

AEthelred the Unready

1014 - 1016

See above entry for AEthelred the Unready.

Edmund Ironside

April 1016 - November 1016

Born 993. Child of AEthelred the Unready and Aelfgifu of York. Married with two childred. Died 1016 at the age of 23.

House of Knytlinga (Restored)

Cnut

1016 - 1035

Son of Sweyn Forkbeard and Gunhilda of Poland. Married twice with four children. Born 995. Died 1035.

Harold Harefoot

1035 - 1040

Son of Cnut and AElfgifu of Northampton. Died 1040. Born 1016/7.

Harthacnut

1040 - 1042

Born 1018. Son of Cnut and Emma of Normandy. Unmarried. Died 1042.

House of Wessex (Restored, second time)

Edward the Confessor

1042 - 1066

Born 1003. Son of AEthelred the Unready and Emma of Normandy. Married. No children. Died 1066

Harold Godwinson

January 1066 - October 1066

Son of Godwin, Earl of Wessex and Gytha Thorkelsdottir. Born 1020. Married twice. Seven children. Died 1066.

Edgar the AEtheling

October 1066 - December 1066

Proclaimed, but never crowned. Born 1053. Son of Edward the Exile and Agatha. Unmarried. No children. Died 1125 at the age of 72.

House of Normandy

William I

1066 - 1087

Born 1028. Son of Robert I, Duke of Normandy, and Herleva. Known as William the Bastard and William the Conqueror. Married once. Ten children. Died 1087. Supposedly name heir by Edward the Confessor in 1052.

William II

1087 - 1100

Born 1060. Son of William the Conqueror and Matilda of Flanders. Unmarried. Died 110 by being shot by an arrow.

Henry I

1100 - 1135

Born 1068. Son of William the Conqueror and Matilda of Flanders. Married twice. Four children. Died 1135.

Empress Matilda

April 1141 - November 1141

Born 1102. Daughter of Henry I and Edith of Scotland. Married twice with three children. Died 1167. The first woman ruler of England, but her title is disputed.

House of Blois

Stephen of Blois

1135 - 1154

Born 1096. Son of Stephen, Count of Blois, and Adela of Normandy. Married with five children. Died from dysentry in 1154.

House of Plantagenet

This long-lived dynasty is usually divided into three house: the Angevins, the House of Lancaster, and the House of York.

Henry II

1154 - 1189

Born 1133. Son of Geoffrey V of Anjou and Empress Matilda. Married with eight children. Died 1189.

Henry the Young King

1170 - 1183

Born 1155. Son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Married with one child. Died 1183.

Richard I

1189 - 1199

Son Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Married. Born 1157. Died 1199 from an arrow wound.

John

1199 - 1216

Born 1166. Son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Married twice with five children. Died 1216 possibly from dysentery.

Louis

1216 - 1217

Born 1187. Son of Philip II of France and Isabella of Hainault. Married once with 13 children. Was proclaimed king, but was never crowned.

Henry III

1216 - 1272

Born 1207. Song of King John and Isabella of Angouleme. Married once with nine children. Died 1972.

Edward I

1272 - 1307

Born 1239. Son of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence. Married twice with twenty children. Died 1307.

Edward II

1307 - 1327

Born 1284. Son of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile. Married once with five children. Murdered in 1327.

Edward III

1327 - 1377

Born 1312. Son of Edward II and Isabella of France. Married once with 14 children. Died 1377.

Richard II

1377 - 1399

Born 1367. Grandson of Edward III. Married twice. No children. Died possibly of starvation in 1400.

House of Lancaster

Henry IV

1399 - 1413

Born either in 1366 or 67. Son of John of Gaunt and Blanche of Lancaster. Married twice with seven children. Died 1413.

Henry V

1413 - 1422

Born 1386 or 1387. Son of Henry IV and Mary de Bohun. Married with one son. Died 1422.

Henry VI

1422 - 1461

Born 1421. Son of Henry V and Catherine of Valois. Married with one son. Died in the Tower of London in 1471.

House of York

Edward IV

1461 - 1470

Born 1442. Great-great-grandson and heir general of Edward III. Married once with ten children. Died 1483.

House of Lancaster (Restored)

Henry VI

1470 - 1471

See above. Murdered by York brothers.

House of York (Restored)

Edward IV

1471 - 1483

See above entry for Edward IV

Richard III

1483 - 1485

Born 1452. Great-great-grandson of Edward III. Married once with one son. Died in battle in 1485.

Edward V

April 1483 - June 1483

Born 1470. Son of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville. Unmarried. Died 1483 after being reportedly smothered.

House of Tudor

Henry VII

1485 - 1509

Born 1457. Great-great-great-grandson of Edward III. Married once with eight children. Died 1509.

Henry VIII

1509 - 1547

Born 1491. Son of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York. Married six times with three children. Very infamous. Died in 1547.

Edward VI

1547 - 1553

Born 1537. Son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour. Unmarried. Died 1553.

Mary I

1553 - 1558

Born 1516. Daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. Married to Philip II and have no children. Died in 1558.

Lady Jane Grey

July 10, 1553 - July 19, 1553

Edward VI name her as his heir presumptive. Four days after his death, Jane was proclaimed queen. Nine days later, the Privy Council switched allegiance and proclaimed Edward VI's half-sister Mary queen. Jane was executed in 1554 at the age of 16. Many historians do not consider her to be a legitimate monarch.

Philip

1554 - 1558

Married to Mary I. Under terms of a marriage treaty between Philip and Mary, Philip was to enjoy all of Mary's tiles and honors for as long as their marriage lasted.

Elizabeth I

1558 - 1603

Daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. Unmarried. Born September 7, 1533. Died March 24, 1603.

House of Stuart

James I

1603 - 1625

Born 1566. Great-great-grandson and heir general of Henry VII. Married once with seven children. Died 1625.

Charles I

1625 - 1649

Born 1600. Son of James I and Anne of Denmark. Married once with nine children. Beheaded in 1649.

Commonwealth

No reigning monarch between the execution of Charles I in 1649 and the Restoration of Charles II in 1660. Instead power was held by Lords Protector.

Oliver Cromwell

1653 - 1658

Born 1599. Married once with nine children. Died 1658.

Richard Cromwell

1658 - 1659

Born 1626. Son of Oliver Cromwell. Married with nine children. Died 1712.

House of Stuart (Restored)