This was the first meeting of the Estates General called since 1614. Louis XVI call The Meeting of the Estates General because the French government were having financial issues. The reason France was in debt was because they had supported the United States against Britain during the American Revolution. During this meeting they decided to pay off the debt by increasing taxes.
The Tennis Court Oath
June 20, 1789
The Tennis Court Oath was written by Emmanuel Sleyés, administered by Jean-Sylvian Bailly and signed by 576 deputies with one abstainer. This oath was the first step in the Third Estate of France forming an organized protest of the French Government in the lead-up to the French Revolution. Finding themselves (3rd estate) locked out of their usual meeting hall at Versailles and thinking that the king was forcing them to disband, they moved to. A nearby indoor tennis court (sale du jet de paume). There they took an oath to never separate until a written constitution had been established for France.
The Storming of Bastille
July 14, 1789
The Bastille was a fortress built in the late 1300s to protect Paris during the Hundred Years‘ War. The main reason why the rebel Parisians stormed the Bastille was not to free any prisoners but to get ammunition and arms. At the time, over 30,000 pounds of gunpowder was stored at Bastille. But to them, it was also a symbol of the monarchy’s tyranny
The Reign of Terror
September 5, 1793 - July 17, 1794
The Reign of Terror began with a deceleration by Robespierre that Terror would be “the order of the day,” and began with the overthrow of the Girondins and the ascendancy of the Jacobins under Robespierre. Against a background of foreign invasion and civil war, opponents were ruthlessly persecuted and executed by the guillotine. It ended when Robespierre was removed from power and executed.
The Rise of Napoleon and Creation of an Empire
1799 - 1815
Napoleon Bonaparte rose through the ranks of the French military and gained power over France 1799 by staging a coup detat. He then appointed himself as emperor in 1804.
The Congress of Vienna
1814 - 1815
After Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated, the Congress of Vienna was formed. It was a meeting of European ambassadors to create a balance between European powers to prevent future wars.
Napoleon’s Empire Collapses
April 14, 1815
Napoleon, even though he conquered most of Europe, he ended up giving up the throne which ended his reign as emeror.