The first “schools” of China were established during the Shang dynasty (about 1800-1050 B.C.E.). They were discovered through oracle bone inscriptions, accounts for the first written records in China and the main historical record of Chinese schools during that time. There were 5 National schools created in China. The schools mainly taught the Six Arts: rites, music, archery, chariot riding, calligraphy, and mathematics. According to the Book of Rituals, at age twelve, boys learned arts related to ritual (i.e. music and dance) and when older, archery and chariot driving whereas girls learned ritual, good conduct, silk production.