Like many ancient peoples, the Egyptians studied the night sky, taking measurements from the stars to accurately align their pyramids and sun temples with the earth's four cardinal points.
3500 B.C. - 1000 B.C.
Babylonian astronomy was the study or recording of celestial objects during early history Mesopotamia. These records can be found on Sumerian clay tablets, inscribed in cuneiform, dated to around 1000 BCE
3000 BC - 2000 BC
Ancient Chinese Astronomy. The first Chinese records of astronomy are from about 3000 BC, and they used the circumpolar stars as their reference point for the heavens
384 BC - 322 BC
Aristotle, who lived from 384 to 322 BC, believed the Earth was round. ... Like most astronomers before him, he believed the Sun, Moon, and other planets circled the Earth. He thought that each space body moved in a small circle