overthrow of the monarchy of King Louis-Philippe, proclamation of the creation of the French Second Republic
march 1848 - august 1848
longest in europe, crushed by Austrian and Russian armies.
uprising german states
uprisings in some german states, granting of consititutional reforms in prussia. mainly south and west, led by well-educated students and intellectuals. wanted german national unity, freedom of press and freedom of assembly.
18 march 1848 - 19 march 1848
swedish capital of Stockholm, crowds dispersed by the military, 18 casualties
revolutions in vienna, budapest, and prague
unification of Germany plan
Frankfurt Assembly mets to propose plans to unify Germany, the Prussian king refuses to take the crown
Louis Napoleon wins presidentail election in france