Rosseau believed that children should do things that interest them and that education should be revolved around their interests and needs. He believed children should stay children as long as they can.
Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi
His main focus was on children living in poverty and in lower class families. He believed that no matter the background, every child could learn. He believed that the home was the most natural, and best, learning environment.
Robert Owen's big belief was educating children outside of the home. He was behind the British Infant school movement where teachers would help engage children in things they were interested in with other peers their age.
Known as the 'father of kindergarten', Froebel, Froebel created the idea of kindergarten and that it should be 100% play based learning for those children. He had a gifts and occupations instructional approach and truly loved what he did.
Elizabeth Palmer Peabody
Peabody stood behind the idea that children should have individualized instruction that meets their individual needs and abilities.
Dewey believed strongly that children should work at their own pace and their own development. He believed in problem solving, project based learning, and experiences were the key to a child's development.
1st School Clinic
The first school clinic was opened by sisters Margaret and Rachel McMillan. The clinic served a number of schools in dental help, surgery, and breathing and posture work.
1st Open-Air Nursery School
This was a school that specialized in outdoor play, hands on learning, and active movement for young children.
Brown v. Board of Education
During this court case, it was decided that racially segregated schools were no longer allowed as they were not constitutional.
No Child Left Behind Act
President Bush implemented NCLB which was sought to improve the education for everyone, especially lower socioeconomic children. It addressed teacher proficiency and implemented testing.