He believed that children should be the center of the curriculum and they should thrive in an environment that doesn’t have any restrictions.
1746 - 1827
He believes that all education should be based on sensory impressions and should follow the course of nature. He promoted the idea that the mother could best teach children which led to homeschooling. He thinks that children reflect their learning experiences through drawing and writing.
1782 - 1852
He compared children to growing plants and he believed that children learn best through play. He founded the “Garden of Children” which turned into kindergarten being an actual grade. His theories are pretty similar to Gardner’s.
1859 - 1952
He provided the foundation for the Project Approach and he thinks that education should be centered around the student’s needs and interests. This theorist created the child centered curriculum and developed the notion of children discovering new things.
1870 - 1952
She developed the Montessori Method which is observing and supporting the children in their own learning environments. She centers her practices around inclusion and their senses should take the lead before learning.
1896 - 1980
He created the three stages of intellectual development which involved the notion that children learning through active experiences and their environment plays a critical role.
1896 - 1934
He created the Zone of Proximal Development and Scaffolding. He believes in these sociocultural theories and that children go through these stages through experiences and quality teaching through a gradual process of assistance.
1902 - 1994
He created the Erikson’s states of psychosocial development by intertwining cognitive and social development. He believes teachers and parents play a huge role in children’s psychosocial development.
This lady created an open-air nursery with her sister Rachel for children to be able to play and use high creative learning styles. She used play-based curriculum to incorporate clay, movement, and block play to create the best environment for the students.
He came up with the multiple intelligences theory which means that children learn in so many other ways. He thinks that is important to focus on the child’s strengths, design, experiences, and assessment.