The period in the history of Northern Indian subcontinent between the end of the urban Indus Valley Civilisation and a second urbanisation which began in c. 600 BC.
It gets its name from the Vedas, which are Sanskrit texts containing details of life during this period. In the Vedic system, a child started his education at the age of five. To acquire training, men were required to work as trainees under a guru to gain expertise. They were taught without any cost, food and boarding were taken care of by the guru.
The Vedic system comprised of the four Vedas (Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda), six Vedangas (ritualistic knowledge, metrics, exegetics, grammar, phonetics and astronomy), the Upanishads, Tarka Shastra (logic and reasoning), Puranas (history), arithmetic, military science, law, performing arts, ethics, and art and architecture.