On March 8, people who were searching for food due to the resent shortages in almost every necessity took to the streets in St. Petersburg. They were supported by over 90,000 men a nd women and clashed with the police since they refused to leave the streets. On March 11, the St. Petersburg garrison had been called in the calm the riots, since they had spread to workers in St. Petersburg just the day before and they were not being peaceful. (For example they had begun destroying police stations.) Sometimes the troops would open fire and kill some of the protesters, but the people stayed and the garrison began to waver. On that same day, Czar Nicholas ll dissolved the Dumas once again and the Russian armies unexpectedly switched sides to support the demonstrators. The imperial government was forced to resign and a provisional government was made. On March 15, Nicholas ll formally abdicated his throne, ending almost four centuries of monarchy (czar rule, if you will) in Russia.