His poor handling of Bloody Sunday and Russia's role in World War I led to his abdication and execution.
- Nicholas was neither trained nor inclined to rule
January 22, 1905
Thousands of discounted urban workers and poor peasants from countryside peacefully protest.
Sought to petition the czar for better working conditions and suffrage.
The czar's gaurds fired into the crowd.
Shootng sparked widespread strikes and uprisings.
The duma (russian congress) was allowed more power temporarily.
Nichoas disolved the duma within weeks.
The 1905 Revolution
January 22, 1905 - July 16, 1907
A wave of mass political and social unrest that spread through vast areas of the Russian Empire, some of which was directed at the government.
Included worker strikes, peasant unrest, and military mutinies.
Instrumental in convincing Tsar Nicholas II to attempt the transformation of the Russian government from an autocracy into a constitutional monarchy.
Diverse social groups demonstrated their discontent with the Russian social and political system.
WWI in Russia
August 1, 1914 - March 3, 1918
Russia entered into World War I on August 1, 1914, when Germany declared war on it.
Germany ignored Russia and moved first against France—declaring war on August 3 and sending its main armies through Belgium to attack Paris from the north.
After the revolution, Russia exited World War I by signing a peace treaty with Germany called the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.
World War One was to have a devastating impact on Russia. When World War One started in August 1914, Russia responded by patriotically rallying around Nicholas II.
The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria on June 28, 1914 triggered the conflict.
The February Revolution
Mar 8, 1917 - Mar 16, 1917
The February Revolution, known in Soviet historiography as the February Bourgeois Democratic Revolution and sometimes as the March Revolution, was the first of two revolutions.
It took place in Petrograd, Russian Empire.
The February Revolution (known as such because of Russia's use of the Julian calendar) began on March 8, 1917 when riots and strikes over the shortage of food in Petrograd (now St. Petersburg)
It was led by Tsar Nicholas ||.
It removed Tsar Nicholas || from his power.
Lenin and the Great October Revolution
October 24 1917 - October 25 1917
October Revolution, also called Bolshevik Revolution, (Oct. 24–25 [Nov. 6–7, New Style], 1917), the second and last major phase of the Russian Revolution of 1917, in which the Bolshevik Party seized power in Russia, inaugurating the Soviet regime.
It removed Russia from the war and brought about the transformation of the Russian Empire into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
It was a success because weakness of the Provisional Government, economic and social problems and continuation of the war led to growing unrest and support for the Soviets.
- Led by Lenin, the Bolsheviks seized power.
The Soviet Union Under Lenin
1922 - 1924
Lenin was a Russian revolutionary, politician, and political theorist.
Served as head of government of Soviet Russia from 1917 to 1924 and of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1924.
Lenin reorganized the country and renames it the Soviet Union in 1922.
Implements the ideas of Karl Marx.
Issues his new economic policy in 1921 allowing some capitalist policies.