Immediately after Lenin came to power, the country was plunged into a 3 year civil war, the reds against the whites. During the war, Lenin introduced something called "War Communism", which were temporary fixes to the bigger problem of trying to defeat the white army. So, he claimed all of the factories for the government and took all of the surplus wheat from the farmers in order to feed the red army. This was a bad idea. Both industrial and agricultural revenue plummeted, 5 million Russians died of famine, and pretty much all of the country was impoverished. Happy fun time. To make up for it, he implemented the New Economic Policy, which was basically miniature capitalism in his (supposedly communist and not, like, dictator or totalitarian) country. However, even the mini capitalism was subject to state control, so it didn't work out that well. Then he created the Cheka, Russia's first secret police (who were used mainly to silence any political opposition.) After that, they were used in the Red Terror, where as many as 100,000 people may have been killed for their belief in the czarist regime, Russia's upper class, or even other socialists that did not support him (Also known as "class enemies".) Near the end of his life, he was finally able to form the USSR, but suffered a series of strokes that made him incapable of ruling or speaking.