Tzar Nicholas II was born on May 18th, 1868 in Pushkin, Russia. He had taken over the throne when his father, Alexander III had died, in the year 1894. Nicholas had 5 children, four girls, and one boy who was diagnosed with hemophilia. As the Russian Revolution went on, it basically crumbled the Romanov dynasty, leading to Tzar Nicholas II having to abdicate the throne on March 15, 1917. About a year later, the royal family were arrested by the Bolsheviks and were murdered by on July 17, 1918.
January 9, 1905
According to alphahistory.com, Bloody Sunday "refers to the shooting of unarmed civilian by tsarist soldiers in St. Petersburg..." This all started by the peaceful protest by the steel workers for the poor working conditions. There were about thousands of people there at the protest and so they wanted to talk to the Tzar about this. The Tzar wasn't there, so the people of the protest were gunned down by the soldiers of the Tzar. "Bloody Sunday" lead to many more strikes, protests, etc, and this became known as the 1905 Revolution.
The 1905 Revolution
January 22, 1905 - July 16, 1907
The 1905 Revolution according to Britannica.com, was an "uprising uprising that was instrumental in convincing Tsar Nicholas II to attempt the transformation of the Russian government from an autocracy into a constitutional monarchy." This all started because of the poor working conditions of the steel workers in Russia, so they put on a strike and tried to talk to Tzar Nicholas II, who wasn't there at the time, to get a better government.
WWI in Russia
August 1, 1914 - October, 1917
Russia had entered World War I on August 1, 1914 basically because of the same reason many of the European countries had: competition, nationalism, imperialism, military arrogance, and not enough trust in alliances. According to communismforthewin.weebly.com, "They were involved in the war mostly because of their “affinity” with Serbia, their countries held many linguistic, religious, and cultural similarities, so they had an almost “unspoken” allied relationship." Another reason Czar Nicholas brought Russia to WWI is because he thought that there was an opportunity to gain land. Russia had left the war because after Czar Nicholas II had abdicated the throne, Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks wanted to focus on making a communist government, so the Treaty of Brest-Litvosk pulled Russia out of the war.
The Soviet Union Under Lenin
1917 - 1924
This happens with the February Revolution when the Bolsheviks take over Russia. They made Vladimir Lenin, a communist, the leader and this was him basically turning Russia into a communist country.
March 8, 1917 - March 16, 1917
It all started in 1917 with riots and strikes on the scarcity of food in Russia. According to history.com, "But the immediate cause of the February Revolution...was Russia’s disastrous involvement in World War I." This basically meant that Russia's military troops were not really ready and cared well enough to fight. Again the February Revolution was a series of strikes for the scarcity of food and over 90,000 people were a part of it. At the end, Czar Nicholas had left the throne and it was over.
Lenin and the Great October Revolution
November 6, 1917 - November 7, 1917
This was the second and last major phase of the Russian Revolution and this was the time where the Bolsheviks had power over Russia.