surrendered and gave up the French throne, ending his reign. Even though he had conquered most of Europe. He committed three mistakes that led him to the collapse of his empire.
The Meeting of the Estates General
King Louis XIV called the meeting because the French government was having financial problems. The representatives of each estate at the Estates General assembly were elected by the people from their estate.
the rise of napoleon and creation of an empire
1789 - 1799
Born on the island of Corsica, Napoleon rapidly rose through the ranks of the military during the French Revolution.He was the second of eight surviving children born to Carlo Buonaparte (1746-1785), a lawyer, and Letizia Romalino Buonaparte
the tennis court oath
the members of the third estate took the tennis court oath, vowing not to "not to separate and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established".
the storming of the bastille
July 14, 1789
the Bastille was rumored to be full of political prisoners and was a symbol to many of the oppression of the king. It also had stores of gunpowder that the revolutionaries needed for their weapons.Over the next five months, the Bastille was destroyed and turned into a pile of ruins.
the reign of terror
Sep 5, 1793 - Jul 28, 1794
With civil war spreading from the Vendée and hostile armies surrounding France on all sides, the Revolutionary government decided to make “Terror” the order of the day (September 5 decree) and to take harsh measures against those suspected of being enemies of the Revolution (nobles, priests, and hoarders).
the congress of vienna
November 1814 - June 1815
It began in September 1814, five months after Napoleon I’s first abdication and completed its “Final Act” in June 1815, shortly before the Waterloo campaign and the final defeat of Napoleon. The settlement was the most-comprehensive treaty that Europe had ever seen.