Napoleon rapidly rose through the ranks of the military during the French Revolution. After seizing political power in France in a 1799, he crowned himself emperor in 1804. Napoleon was finally defeated at the Battle of Waterloo on June 18, 1815.
The Meeting of the Estates General
May 5, 1789
It happened at the beginning of the French Revolution in the face of financial crisis, widespread agitation, and the weakening power of the king. It was composed of the three estates (clergy, nobility, and commoners) who had the power of levying of new taxes and to undertake reforms in the country. It represented a step toward democracy.
The Tennis Court Oath
June 20, 1789
It was a pledge that was signed in the early days of the French Revolution and was an important revolutionary act that displayed the belief that political authority came from the nation's people and not from the monarchy. The creator of the Oath was Jacques-Louis David. It represented the first steps toward representative democracy in France.
The Storming of the Bastille
July 14, 1789
The medieval armory, fortress, and political prison known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the centre of Paris. The revolutionaries approached and demanded that the military leader of Bastille surrender the prison and hand over the gunpowder. It represented the oppressive nature of the monarchy.
The Reign of Terror
September 5, 1793
It was a period of about 11 months where French people who did not support the Revolution were executed. Its purpose was to purge France of enemies of the revolution and protect the country from foreign invaders.
Napoleon's Empire Collapses
March 30, 1814 - April 11, 1814
Britain started to control their sea ports. While they were being destroyed, the counties started to attack them. He as defeated at the Battle of Waterloo.
The Congress of Vienna
November, 1814 - June, 1815
The Congress of Vienna was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman. Its purpose was to decide about the political situation in Europe after the defeat of Napoleon. The Congress proved to be highly successful in achieving its goal, for the peace in Europe was left almost undisturbed for nearly 40 years.