-He called the meeting because the French government was having financial problems.
-This assembly was composed of three estates, the clergy, nobility and commoners, who had the power to decide on the levying of new taxes and to undertake reforms in the country.
Rise of Napoleon/Creation of Empire
1789 - 1799
-Napoleon was hailed as a hero for defending the Directory, young general Bonaparte is appointed commander in chief of the French army.
- After Napoleon is crowned King of Italy, Austria and Russia join Britain in a new anti-French alliance.
Tennis Court Oath
June 20, 1789
-The Tennis Court Oath was a pledge that was signed in the early days of the French Revolution.
-They moved to the tennis court in Versailles and 577 members agreed to the Tennis Court Oath.
Storming of the Bastille
July 14, 1789
-The people beheaded Governor de Launay, put his head on a spike, and paraded it around the city of Paris.
- More than a 100 people were killed during the incident.
Reign of Terror
September 5, 1793 - July 28, 1794
-Its purpose was to purge France of enemies of the Revolution and protect the country from foreign invaders.
-During the Reign of Terror, 40,000 people were executed or murdered.
Napoleon's Empire Collapses
-Napoleon escapes from Elba and takes back the French throne during the period known as the “Hundred Days.”
-At the Battle of Waterloo, Napoleon's final army is decisively defeated.
Congress of Vienna
November 1814 - June 1815
-The Congress of Vienna dissolved the Napoleonic world and attempted to restore the monarchies Napoleon had overthrown, ushering in an era of reaction.
-The Congress of Vienna settlement, despite later changes, formed the framework for European international politics until the outbreak of the First World War in 1914.