The oldest human was found at 700,000 BC. (here I can go just to 200,000 BC.)
First City called Elba at Syria
Byzantine Empire take the control of Syria
Muslim armies defeated by Byzantine.
Damascus became heavenly the the Capital of Islamic world
Damascus was replaced by Baghdad in Iraq
The Ottoman Empire conquered Syria and remained in power until 1918. That was considered like a stable period at Syria.
During the world War 1 France and British do secretly an agreement to devide the Ottoman Empire
British and Arab troops captured Damascus and Aleppo
French took control of Syria and Lebanon.