The period before "civilization". Lots of pottery was made. They decorated the pottery with gazelles.
The earliest hieroglyphs were discovered during this time period. Menes ruled in this period.
Major advances in architecture, art, and technology were made in this period. The Giza Pyramids and The Great Sphinx were made in this period.
After the central central government collapsed during the Old KIngdom, the economy was messed up. A war started between Herakleopolitans and Nebhepetres.
The pharaohs of the Middle Kingdom restored the country's prosperity and stability. During the decline the Canaanite settlers began to seize control of the Delta region.
The Hyksos settled in a town called Avaris and seized control of Egypt. The Hyksos and Semitic invaders introduced new tools of warfare to Egypt. wikipedia
In the New Kingdom the Pharaohs began a large scale building campaign to promote the god Amun. They also constructed monuments to glorify their own achievements, both real and imagined. wikipedia
In the mid 9th century bc Egypt made a failed attempt to once more gain a foothold in Western Asia. The Egyptians international prestige declined considerably towards the end of the Third Intermediate Period. wikipedia
In 653 B.C. the Saite king was able to free Egypt. Egypt was never able to permanently overthrow the Persians.