The most abundant metal in the earth's Surface.
The discovery of steel
Approx. 1000 BC
Iron can be much improved adding carbon.
Steel can be worked easily compared to Iron.
The combination of sulfur, carbon and saltpeter in a bamboo results in an explosion.
John Winthrop Jr settled the first chemical company in Boston to produce potassium nitrate (that in that time was as an important element in the elaboration of powder).
He discovered how to make caustic soda from table salt. Furthermore he gave great impetus to the glass, textile, soap and paper industries during the 19th century.
Alexander Parkers invented the celluloid. Nowadays he is considered the father of Plastics.
Kuhlmann-Ostwald method is developed
Used to produce Nitric Acid with amonia.
First stainless steel thus
Harry Brearley developed the first stainless steel thus shaking the metallurgical industry.
Used to produce amonia, during World War I, this method in combination with the Kuhlmann-Ostwald process provided most of the explosives used during the war.
First use of toxic gas
DiClorine, used in the second battle of Ypres
Foundation of theNnational School of Chemical Industries
The national school of chemical industries was founded in 1916, transforming in 1919 as the faculty of chemical sciences and pharmacy at UNAM
Technique that turns a carbon source into hydrocarbon chains through the hydrogenation of carbon monoxide by means of a metal catalyst.
Second World War Period
1939 - 1945
In the decade of 1940 the polyethylene, the silicone and epoxides were developed.
Production of gasoline
The Standard Oil Co. developed the catalytic reformation for the production of gasoline with a higher octane rating, and the toluene for the synthesis and production of TNT.
Also, in United States the first synthetic rubber tire was produced.
The styrene-butadiene rubber was produced for the first time in the USA.
USA produced the DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane),
USA produced the DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane), which was used for its insecticidal properties.
Du Pont began to commercialize the Teflon.
World War II accelerated petrochemical development. This trend was evident in USA which finished the war with a petrochemical manufacturing base clustered on the Gulf Coast
Post 1954 period
First Noble Gas Compund
Neil Bartlett synthesizes the first noble gas compound: xenon hexafluoroplatinate
Introduction of PET containers
Nathaniel Wyeth receives a patent for polyethylene terephthalate (PET) beverage bottles.
Link in the depletion of the ozone layer
Mexican chemical engineering, Mario Molina, won the Chemistry Nobel Prize for the correlation of the ozone layer hole with compounds that contain chloride and bromide.
First recombinant DNA drug
Developed by Genentech, the first American biotechnology company, Humulin was licensed to Eli Lilly and became the first marketable product created through recombinant DNA technology.