The Black Death, which was one of the most devastating pandemics in history, killed around 30-60% of Europe's population.
Beginning of the Renaissance
An intellectual and artistic movement, the Renaissance was a time of growth and expansion for the arts, as well as the sciences.
Joan of Arc and the Siege of Orleans 1429
The turning point in the 100 years war between England and France was also Joan of Arc's first military victory.
Johann Gutenberg Invents the Printing Press
The invention of the printing press revolutionized the studies of the arts and sciences, as well as the manufacturing of books.
Beginning of the Spanish Inquisition 1478
Designed to get rid of all the non-Catholics (i.e. Jews and Muslims), it was one of the most deadly inquisitions of all time.
Botticelli Paints Birth of Venus 1486
One of the most famous pieces of art during the Renaissance, it was painted as a result of the Platonic Academy; the painting was controversial due to it's sexual nature pushing the boundaries back then.
Columbus Discovers the Americas 1492
Columbus's discovery would lead to the creation of the Americas 100 years later, which would lead to the western world as we know it.
Italian Wars 1494 - 1559
1494 - 1559
A series of conflicts that arose due to dynastic disputes over the Duchy of Milan and the Kingdom of Naples.
Michelangelo Paints the Sistine Chapel 1512
Forced by the Pope, 9 scenes from the old testaments were painted onto the walls and ceilings of the chapel by Michelangelo.
Machiavelli Writes the Prince 1514
Considered to be one of the earliest works of modern philosophy, it was published after Machiavelli's death for fear of controversy.