Second class citizens Events


Bosnia’s Constitution


discrimination against Roma, Jews, and other national minorities in politics and government. Much of this discrimination stems from Bosnia’s 1995 Constitution, which mandates a system of government based on ethnicity and excludes these groups from high political office. The report also shows the wider impact of discrimination on the daily lives of Roma in accessing housing, education, healthcare, and employment.

Access to Education


There have been somw improvement in access to education for Roma in Bosnia since the Action plan for Roma education was adopted in 2004. While few Roma attended school at all in Bosnia in 2002,, the situation has since improved, and awareness has grown within Roma communities about the importance of educating their children.

Decade of Roma inclusion


Bosnia joined the Decade of Roma inclusion 2005-2015, a program designed to encourage action to improve the lives of Roma across Europa.

European Court of Human Rights

December 2009

European Court of Human Rights ruled that Bosnia's constitusion violated the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) by discriminating against leading members of the Jewish and Roma communities in political life solely based on their ethnicity.

Landmark case

October 2010

In the landmark case "Sejdic and Finci V. Bosnia and Herzegovina, the court found the constitution and electoral laws to be discriminatory, following which the other council of Europe (CoE) states mandated urgent implementation of the court's decision to ensure that a national election shceduled for Oct 2010 would not constitute another rights violation.

Bosnia's Parliament

March 15, 2012

October election passed without constitutional changes, and 18 months later no action has been taken to bring about needed reforms. on march 15, 2012, Bosnia's parliament once again missed a CoE deadline to propose constitutional reformd to end ethnic discrimination in the constitution against Roma and other national minority groups.