Compulsory education laws were important because they required that all children, no matter abilities, have rights to education. Children were mandated by law to receive education, and the government was required to provide it.
Beattie v. Board of Education
Children with disabilities like facial abnormalities and drooling were expelled from schools because their looks were off putting to teachers and students. Even if their mental capacities were fine.
Counsel for Exceptional Children
First advocacy group for children with disabilities, this played key roles in development of special education curriculum, teacher education and policy making in regards to special education.
Brown v. the Board of Education
Explaining that separate is not equal. This case brought attention to general education and education for special needs students. It encouraged advocacy groups to try and inform others for the need of special education programs.
Mills v. Board of Education of District of Columbia
This law made it unlawful in D.C. to keep students from attending state funded schools if they suffered with any disability like mental, social or behavioral disorders.
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act is recognized as the first law put in place to protect students with special needs. It is a law defending any student with disabilities from being discriminated against.
Least Restrictive Environment
Students with IEPs are involved and integrated in regular education classrooms for socialization and normalization. This usually meaning there are para educators and/or aids in the room as well.
Americans with Disability Act
Signed by President George Bush a law that ensured people with special needs will have the same rights as every else in school and in work, it also kept from discrimination.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
Also put into place by George W. Bush and it includes 6 main aspects in regards to children with special needs FAPE, LRE, IEP, evaluation, parent/student participation and all routine protections for students involved.
No Child Left Behind
NCLB was put into place to help improve the achievement of students across America’s public schools. This law held districts and schools accountable for helping these students graduate.