Written by Lorenzo Valla.
Printing press made by Johann Gutenberg, Johann Fust, and Peter Schoffer. Made texts more accessible.
Bible in a vernacular. Gutenberg's german is how german is currently.
France got control of French Burgundy.
This led to the papal state gaining power.
Italy became focus of international ambitions and battleground of foreign armies. Also, Medici exiled from Florentine and was restored to a republic.
Written by Desiderius Eramus.
Written by Niccolo Machiavelli. "The Prince" was inspired by Cesare Borgia. Gave instructions on how to be a powerful leader.
This place would be Geneva.
"Ninety-five Theses on the Power of Indulgences"
Lay rulers' authority greatly strengthened.
He was married to Catherine of Aragon, but fell for Anne Boleyn.
Written by Baldassare Castiglione. Basically a how-to on being a Renaissance man.
Gave Henry VIII supreme sovereignty in Enland, so his word was higher than the pope's.
Made the king the supreme head of the Church of England.
This made Elizabeth illegitimate.
This makes them eligible to be rulers later on.
Charles V agreed to in 1555. It officially recognized Lutheranism. Also, each German prince was permitted to choose their territory's religion.