Once the southern states began to secede after President Lincoln had won the 1860 election, the Union took control over Fort Sumter in fear that the Confederate Army would gain control of the south in December 1860.
Battle of Antietam
September 17, 1862
The Battle of Antietam was fought in Sharpsburg, Maryland. Initially, all the major battles had been fought on Confederate grounds, but the Battle of Antietam switched it up and fought on Union grounds.
January 1, 1863
The Emancipation Proclamation was an order given by President Lincoln. The Proclamation stated that all slaves be set free, tho not all of them were.
Seige of Vicksburg
May 18, 1863 - July 4, 1863
The Siege of Vicksburg was a huge success for the Union. The siege took place on the Mississippi River, which was the South's last major port on the river. Once the North won the battle, the Confederacy would be cut off from supply lines.
Battle of Gettysburg
July 1, 1863 - July 3, 1863
The Battle of Gettysburg was a three day battle when the South invaded Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. This battle happens to be the bloodiest battle of the entire war.
November 19, 1863
The Gettysburg Address was a speech given by Abraham Lincoln which was referred to as a very "monumental act," by Senator Charles Sumter.
Surrender at Appomattox
April 9, 1865
Once the Union troops captured the Confederate capital, General Robert E. Lee feared that he would loose the battle. He then surrendered to Union.
President Lincoln's Assassination
April 14, 1865
On this day, President Abraham Lincoln was shot and killed. His assassinator was John Wilkes Booth. Lincoln had been assassinated in a theater in Washington D.C.