A time of major political, art, scientific, and religious changes in Europe.
One of the major advancements made was the printing press which led to mass production of the bible and thus the protestant reformation.
Approx. 1500 - Approx. 1600
Started when Martin Luther posted the "95 thesis" which led out how the Catholic church was wrong about religion and corrupt. This led to a series of rebellions all across Europe as the populaces of nations decided that they had had enough of Catholicism and wanted Protestantism.
Approx. 1527 - Approx. 1534
At first King Henry of England supported the Catholics against the protestants but, when he wanted to divorce his wife and the Catholic faith wouldn't let him. HE then broke away from the church and started the church of England as an act of defiance.
Council of Trent
1545 - 1563
A time when the pope and other powerful Catholics tried to fix what the main protestants had issues with in the catholic faith. This included the selling of indulgences. This did help and many of the problems were fixed but it was at this point too late to fully extinguish the protestants.
Peace of Augsburg
September 25 1555
A peace within the HRE that allowed the princes of individual members to choose the religion for their land, but only recognized Lutheranism or Catholicism. This led to tensions that would eventually boil over into the 30 years war.
30 Years War
1618 - 1648
Tension from the peace of Augsburg final boiled over with some provinces rising up i rebellion against the Catholics after the Emperor of the HRE tried to force Catholicism on the Protestant Bohemia. This quickly became a political war to try ad limit the power of the growing Hapsburg dynasty.
Treaty of Westphalia
October 24th 1648
Treaty that ended the 30 years war. It's r included religious tolerance, the freedom of Switzerland from Austria and the Netherlands from Spain. As well as giving Sweden some land ad money.