Confederate forces occupied Fort Sumter and used it to marshal a defense of Charleston Harbor. Once it was completed and better armed, Fort Sumter allowed the Confederates to create a hole in the Union blockade of the Atlantic seaboard.
September 17th, 1862
The Union victory at Antietam resulted in President Abraham Lincoln issuing his Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation.
January 1st, 1863
The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
Siege of Vicksburg
May 18, 1863 - July 4, 1863
It was the final major military action in the Vicksburg campaign of the American Civil War.
Battle of Gettysburg
July 1st, 1863 - July 3rd, 1863
George Meade's Army of the Potomac defeated attacks by Confederate Gen.
November 19, 1863
President Abraham Lincoln delivered a short speech at the end of the ceremonies dedicating the battlefield cemetery at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
Surrender at Appomattox
April 9, 1865
Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered his Army of Northern Virginia to Union General Ulysses S. Grant.
The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
April 14, 1865
He was was assassinated by well-known stage actor John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865, while attending the play Our American Cousin at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C.