British Music

Alwyn

William Alwyn is born

1905

Northampton

Alwyn begins piccolo lessons

1911

Alwyn writes first piece for piccolo "Sparkling Cascades"

1913

Alwyn begins studies at RAM (flute/piano)

1920

Alwyn meets Henry Wood

1923

Alwyn leaves RAM, becomes Music Master at Fernden School for Boys

1924

Alwyn joins LSO, becomes Professor of Composition at RAM

1926

Alwyn's "Five Preludes for Orchestra" is premiered at the Promenade concerts

1927

Alwyn composes Piano Concerto No. 1

1930

Alwyn composes "Rhapsody for Piano Quartet

1939

Alwyn composes "Divertimento for Solo Flute"

1939

Alwyn composes "Concerto for Flute & Eight Wind Instruments"

1980

Alwyn dies

1985

Parry

Charles Hubert Parry is Born

1848

Parry becomes director of RCM

1895

Parry Dies

1918

Stanford

Charles Stanford is born

1852

Stanford helps found RCM

1882

Stanford begins teaching at RCM

1887

Stanford Dies

1924

Elgar

Elgar is born

1857

Elgar premieres first work in London, "Sevillana"

1884

Elgar writes "The Enigma Variations"

1899

Elgar writes "Pomp and Circumstance" marches

1901

Elgar premieres Symphony No. 1

1908

Elgar premieres Symphony No. 2

1911

Elgar opens EMI studios at Abbey Road, London

1931

Elgar dies

1934

McEwen

John Blackwood McEwen born in Hawick, Scotland

1868

McEwen Begins Teaching at the Royal Academy of Music

1898

McEwen become Professor of Composition at RAM

1898

McEwen becomes Principal of RAM

1924

McEwen leaves RAM

1936

McEwen Dies

1948

Wood

Sir Henry Wood born

1869

Wood attends RAM

1886

Wood begins conducting promenade concerts at the Queen's Hall

1895

Wood begins leading the student orchestra at RAM, Meets Alwyn

1923

Wood dies

1944

RVW

Ralph Vaughan Williams is Born

1872

in Down Ampney

RVW begins violin lessons

1879

RVW begins piano lessons

1883

Introduced to Bach

RVW hears Wagner for the first time

1890

Hears Die Walkerie

RVW enters Royal College of Music

1890

RVW begins studies with Hubert Parry

1891

RVW Begins studies with Charles Stanford

1895

RVW attends first performance of Elgar's "Dream of Gerontius"

October 3, 1900

RVW writes "Linden Lea"

1901

First published composition

RVW begins to collect folk-songs

1903

RVW moves to 13 Cheyne Walk, Westminster

1905

RVW moves to Paris to study w/ Ravel

1907

RVW premieres "A Sea Symphony" and "Tallis Fantasia"

1910

RVW composes "A London Symphony (No. 2)"

1913

RVW posted to Dorking with London Field Ambulance

1915

RVW Posted to France

1916

"The Lark Ascending" premieres

1920

"A Pastoral Symphony" performed

1922

RVW "Piano Concerto" performed in London

1933

RVW Symphony No. 4 performed

1935

RVW works on film music, war work, lecturing, writing

1939

RVW Symphony No. 5 is premiered

1943

RVW Symphony No. 6 composed

1948

RVW Concerto Grosso composed

1950

RVW Tuba Concerto premiered

1954

RVW Symphony No. 8 premiered

1956

RVW Symphony No. 9 premiered

1956

RVW Dies at Hanover Terrace

August 26, 1958

Holst

Gustav Holst is born

1874

Holst writes "First Suite in E-flat"

1909

Holst writes "Second Suite in F"

1911

Holst beings writing "The Planets"

1914

Holst writes "Fugue a la Gigue"

1928

Holst writes "Hammersmith"

1930

Holst dies

1934

Bax

Arnold Bax is born

1883

Bax attends RAM

1900

Bax begins writing interlude music for Diaghilev's Ballet Russes in London

1919

Bax composes his Symphony No. 3

1929

Bax composes his Symphony No. 6

1935

Bax composes film score to "Oliver Twist"

1948

Bax dies

1953

Bliss

Arthur Bliss born

1891

in Barnes, London

Bliss attends RCM with RVW and Holst

1913

Bliss dies

1975

Jacob

Gordon Jacob is born in London

1895

Jacob enlists in infantry, active service

August 26, 1914

Jacob begins studies at RCM

1917

Arranges RVW "English Folk Song Suite" for band while attending RCM

Jacob writes "William Byrd Suite"

1924

Jacob begins teaching at RCM

1926

Jacob writes "An Original Suite for Military Band"

1928

Jacob writes "Music for a Festival"

1951

Jacob writes "Old Wine in New Bottles"

1958

Jacob dies

June 8, 1984

Barbirolli

John Barbirolli is born

December 2, 1899

Barbirolli attends the RAM

1912

Studies w/ McEwan

Barbirolli performs with Elgar, "The Dream of Gerontius"

1920

Barbirolli premieres with LSO

1927

conducting Elgar's Sym. No. 2

Barbirolli begins conducting the Halle Orchestra

1932

Barbirolli conducts the New York Philharmonic

1936

Barbirolli conducts premier of Jacob's "Symphonic Suite No. 2"

February 15, 1949

Barbirolli first conducts the Berlin Philharmonic

1961

Barbirolli dies

1970

Rubbra

Edmund Rubbra is born

1901

in Northampton

Rubbra attends RCM, studies w/ Holst

1919

Rubbra composes his First Symphony

1936

Rubbra orchestrates Brahms's "Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Handel"

1938

Rubbra begins teaching at the University of Oxford

1947

Rubbra dies

1986

General Music World

Mahler is born

1860

Debussy is born

1862

Richard Strauss is born

1864

Sibelius is born

1865

Wagner's "Tristan und Isolde" premieres in Munich

1865

Scott Joplin is born

1867

Rossini dies

1868

Die Walkure premieres

1870

Sergei Rachmaninoff is born

1873

Maurice Ravel is born

1875

"Carmen" premieres in Paris

1875

Phonograph and phonograph cylinder invented by Thomas Alva Edison

1877

Gilbert & Sullivan's "H.M.S. Pinafore" premieres

1878

Sir Alexander Mackenzie appointed as principal of RAM

1888

Arthur Bird composes "Suite in D"

1889

Carl Orff is born

1895

Bruckner dies

1896

Brahms dies

1897

George Gershwin is born

1898

Percy Grainger arrives in London to perform

1902

Dvorak dies

1904

Grainger begins collecting folk-songs

1905

Dmitri Shostakovich is born

1906

Mahler dies

1911

Schoenberg's Music gets "hissed" at the Proms

1912

Stravinsky's "Rite of Spring" premieres

1913

WWI Begins

July 28, 1914

Milton Babbitt is born

1916

Debussy dies

1918

WWI Ends

November 11, 1918

Gal writes "Divertimento, Op. 22"

1924

BBC makes first radio broadcast in stereo

1925

"Turandot" premieres in Milan

1926

Rachmaninoff composes Symphony No. 3

1936

Orff's "Carmina Burana" premieres

1937

Hans Gal emigrates to London

1938

WWII Begins

1939

The "Proms" concert series moved to Royal Albert Hall

1941

Bernstein composes Symphony No. 1, "Jeremiah"

1941

WWII Ends

1945

Stravinsky's "The Rake's Progress" premieres

1951

Sibelius dies

1957

Walton

William Walton born in Lancashire

1902

Walton attends Christ Church, Oxford

1918

Walton premieres "Facade", meets Berg & Schoenberg in Salzburg

1923

Walton writes Viola Concerto

1929

Premiered by Hindemith

Walton meets Elgar, Elgar not impressed

1932

Walton writes first film music, "Escape Me Never"

1934

Walton premieres First Symphony

1935

Walton writes "Crown Imperial"

1937

Walton writes Violin Concerto

1939

Walton writes score to Laurence Olivier's "Henry V"

1944

Walton writes String Quartet in A minor

1947

Walton writes score to Olivier's "Hamlet"

1948

Walton writes his Second Symphony

1960

Walton dies

March 8, 1983

Tippett

Michael Tippett is born

1905

in London

Tippett begins studies at RCM

1923

studied with Charles Wood, chose NOT to study w/ RVM

Tippett moves to Surry to conduct operatic society

1929

Tippett writes "String Quartet in A"

1935

Tippett becomes director of music at Morley College

1940

Tippett & Britten meet

1943

Tippett goes to prison as a "conscientious objector"

1943

Tippett premieres "A Child Of Our Time"

1944

Tippett composes "Fantasia Concertante on a Theme of Corelli"

1953

Tippett premieres his Second Symphony

1957

Tippett composes his Third Symphony

1973

Tippett premieres Fourth Symphony

1977

Premiered in Chicago with Solti

Tippett dies

1998

Lambert

Constant Lambert is born

1905

Lambert begins writing orchestral works

1918

Lambert attends RCM

1922

Lambert writes "The Rio Grande"

1927

Lambert writes "Music Ho!", a critique of modern music

1934

Lambert dies

1951

Lutyens

Elisabeth Lutyens is born

1906

Lutyens attends the RCM

1926

studies w/ Harold Darke

Lutyens composes "Chamber Concerto I", using serialism

1939

Lutyens composes "The Pit" after Walton introduces her to Muir Mathieson

1946

Lutyens dies

1983

Wordsworth

William Wordsworth (composer) is born

1908

Wordsworth attends Edinburgh University

1934

Wordsworth composes First Symphony

1944

Wordsworth dies

1988

Britten

Benjamin Britten is born

1913

in Lowestoft, Suffolk, England

Britten wins scholarship & attends RCM

1930

Britten writes "Sinfonietta, Op. 1"

1932

Britten writes first film score, "The King's Stamp"

1935

Britten meets Aaron Copland

1939

Britten returns to England

1942

moves to 45a St John's Wood High Street

Britten begins the Aldeburgh Festival

1948

Arnold

Malcolm Arnold is Born

1921

Arnold attends RCM

1938

Arnold composes Overture for Wind Octet

1940

Arnold performs trumpet with LPO

1941

Arnold stops playing, becomes full time composer

1948

Arnold composes "English Dances, Set 1"

1950

Arnold composes "English Dances, Set 2"

1951

Arnold composes Symphony No. 2

1953

Arnold composes "Tam o'Shanter Overture"

1955

Arnold composes ballet, "Solitaire"

1956

Arnold wins Oscar for film score to "The Bridge on the River Kwai"

1957

Arnold composes "Four Scottish Dances"

1957

Arnold composes "Four Cornish Dances"

1966

Arnold composes "Four Irish Dances"

1986

Arnold completes his Ninth Symphony

1986

Arnold composes "Four Welsh Dances"

1988

Arnold dies

2006