Search For Equality by Leah Rogalcheck

Desegregation: Something all students should know

School Related Events

Roberts v. City of Boston

1849

Massachusetts Supreme Court rules that segregated schools are permissible under the state's constitution.

Black Codes

1865

Black Codes was a name given to laws passed by southern governments established during the presidency of Andrew Johnson.
Segregation Begins - Public schools were segregated, and Blacks were barred from serving on juries, and testifying against Whites.

Cumming v. Board of Education of Richmond County, State of Georgia

1899

The Supreme Court upheld a local school board's decision to close a free public Black school due to fiscal constraints, despite the fact that the district continued to operate two free public white schools.
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Gong Lum v. Rice

1927

The Court applied the "separate but equal" formulation of Plessy v. Ferguson to the public schools.

Major Events

Dred Scott Case

1857

The Supreme Court denied citizenship to Black people, setting the stage for their treatment as second class citizens.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Southern states secede from the Union. The Civil War begins.

Jim Crow Laws

1890

Louisiana passes the first Jim Crow law requiring separate accommodations for Whites and Blacks.

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Plessy Vs. Ferguson

1896

"Separate but Equal"

Video

Brown vs. Board of Ed

June 1952 - May 17, 1954

The Court overturned Plessy v. Ferguson, and declared that racial segregation in public schools violated the Equal Protection clause of the 14th Amendment.

Great People

Abraham Lincoln

February 12, 1809 - April 15, 1865

Lincoln successfully led the United States through one of its greatest constitutional, military, and moral crises—the American Civil War—preserving the Union

Thurgood Marshall

July 2, 1908 - January 24, 1993

Marshall was the Court's 96th justice and its first African-American justice. Marshall was a lawyer who was best known for his high success rate in arguing before the Supreme Court and for the victory in Brown v. Board of Education.
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Martin Luther King, Jr.

January 15, 1929 - April 4, 1968

King was an American clergyman, activist, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience.

Other Events

Emancipation Proclamation

1863

President Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing slaves in Southern states. Because the Civil War is ongoing, the Proclamation has little practical effect.

Thirteenth Amendment

1865

The Civil War ends; the Thirteenth Amendment is enacted to abolish slavery.

13 video

Fourteenth Amendment

1868

The Fourteenth Amendment is ratified, guaranteeing "equal protection under the law"; citizenship is extended to African Americans.

Civil Rights Act

1875 - 1883

Congress passes the Civil Rights Act of 1875, which bans racial discrimination in public accommodations.

Civil Rights Movement Video

Strike down of Civil Rights Act

1883

The Supreme Court strikes down the Civil Rights Act of 1875 finding that discrimination by individuals or private businesses is constitutional.