Lincoln appealed to the North and to the South. He was a crucial leader for the Union during the Civil War.
First Battle of Bull Run
This was the first official battle of the Civil War. The Union believed it would be an easy victory but they were mistaken; the Confederate Army forced the Union to retreat. The Union's loss caused them to realize how they needed a better army.
Battle of Shiloh
This battle occurred in southern Tennessee. Even though the Union won the battle, both sides suffered heavy losses. Over 20,000 soldiers total were killed or injured. This battle made Ulysses S. Grant's reputation of unconditional surrender.
Second Battle of Bull Run
Union General John Pope led the Union Army towards Richmond but was struck down by General Lee and General Jackson.
Battle at Antietam Creek
Confederate General Lee decided to invade the Union rather than stay and defend the South. This battle was one of the bloodiest, wit 6000 men killed and 16,000 wounded in a single day. Lee was forced to retreat to Virginia; if he had continued and won, Britain may have gotten involved in the war which could have affected the outcome of the Civil War.
January 1, 1863
Lincoln announced that slaves should be "then, thence forward, and forever free."
Battle at Vicksburg
July 1863 - July 3, 1863
The Union cut off the Mississippi River from the South, as well as cut the Confederacy in half.
July 1, 1863 - July 3, 1863
Little Round Top and Pickett's Charge. The Confederate Army in north Virginia was defeated and retreated.
Lee and Grant meet to arrange surrender
April 9, 1865
Confederate General Robert E. Lee and Union General Ulysses S. Grant met at the McLean house in Appomattox Court House to discuss the terms of the Confederacy's surrender. This ended the Civil War.
13th Amendment ratified
December 6, 1865
Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation kickstarted the abolition of slavery but did not free slaves everywhere. It was finally ended for good with this amendment.