Explicit references to classical art, more attention to anatomical accuracy, more private and individualized artworks.
Picture: Donatello's 'David'
1360 - 1520
Big on detail, invention of oil paint, creation of prints, anatomical accuracy. Lots of polyptychs.
Picture: Robert Campin's 'Merode Altarpiece"
1430 - 1520
Gutenberg's Printing Press
High Italian Renaissance
1490 - 1530
Very realistic anatomy, atmospheric and linear perspective, there's interest in science and philosophy, lots of pyramidal compositions.
Picture: Raphael's 'School of Athens'
haze created by blended dark shades of oil paint, and
used to shadow skin and muscles
1530 - 1648
1550 - 1600
Weird, overly elongated bodies, lots of curving surfaces and bodies, inspired by Hellenistic Greece.
Picture: Parmigianino's 'Madonna with the Long Neck'
1580 - 1720
Southern : Dramatic, overwhelm the viewer, highly illusionist, pro-catholic
Northern: Less dramatic, focuses on everyday life, religious aspects depend on region
Picture: Rembrandt's 'Nightwatch'
1710 - 1780
Feminine, pastel colors, romantic subjects, decorative and frilly, partly celebrating powerful women.
Picture: Jean-Honore Fragonard's 'The Swing'
1720 - 1800
"Age of Reason", philosophical movement that stresses logic and reason, new government, new ideals
Picture: William Hogarth's 'Marriage a la mode' series, Marriage Settlement
1725 - 1800
Careful use of line, sharp edges, precise use of perspective, classical subjects but actual stories from history, intellectual
Picture: Angelica Kauffmann's 'Cornelia Presenting her Children as her Treasures'
a genre of painting depicting an outdoor love party
1750 - 1900
new technologies, urban populations, capitalism, increased poverty.
1776 - 1781
1780 - 1850
Color, drama, emotion, psychological, lessons are more critical and less moral.
Picture: J.M.W Turner's "The Slave Ship"
1789 - 1794
Invention of Photography
Picture: Timothy O'Sullivan's 'Gettysburg'
1840 - 1860
Reacting to Industrial Revolution and photography, only what is 'real', celebrates poor/working class
Picture: Gustave Courbet's 'The Stonebreakers'
1870 - 1880
Looks 'unfinished', very loose visible brushstrokes, light colors, happy, interest in lighting and weather
Picture: Claude Monet's 'Impression Sunrise'
En Plein Air
1880 - 1890
Unrealistically bright colors, cut-off figures, criticizing impressionism happiness, flattened space
Picture: Van Gogh's 'The Starry Night'
Invention of Time Zones
1st Car is Invented
1889 - 1905
Paintings interested in color
Picture: Matisse's 'Red Room'
1890 - 1915
Interested in organic lines that represent nature
Picture: Antonio Gaudi, Sagrada Familia Basilica, Barcelona, Spain
1890 - 1975
1890 - 1910
Paintings interested in symbols
Picture: Edvard Munch's 'The Scream'
1900 - 1925
Paintings want to portray an emotional experience, rather than a real one.
Picture: Franz Marc's 'Large Blue Horses'