First election win for the Republican Party. Led to the secession of the South because they feared that he would try to permanently end slavery. Spurred the Civil War on faster.
Southern States Secede From The Union
December 20, 1860
South Carolina secedes first closely followed by the rest of the Southern states. They developed their own constitution and army and started preparing for war.
Jefferson Davis chosen to be president of the confederacy
Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi, was chosen to be president of the Confederacy by a convention of delegates in Alabama. He would lead the Confederacy into war.
First Shots Fired at Fort Sumter
Lincoln tried to get supplies through to Fort Sumter, but the Confederates wouldn't let them get through. April 12, 1861, Confederates began firing on the Fort until they surrendered two days later.
First Battle at Bull Run
Sometimes called Battle of Manassas. Looked as if South would be quickly and easily subdued, but they were reinforced and caused the Union to retreat hastily. Made both the North and South realize this would not be an easy, short war.
Battle of Shiloh/Union forces capture New Orleans
Both sides suffered heavy losses, and the Union took control of western Tennessee. During this battle, other Union forces were fighting their way through the South taking over the Mississippi.
Battle of Antietam
General Lee made a daring invasion into the North to try and get a speedy southern victory. They wanted Great Britain to recognize Southern independence. This was the bloodiest single day battle in American history. Lee was forced to retreat into VA. Crucial victory for the North which leads to Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation
January 1, 1863
Right after the Union victory at Antietam, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation announcing that all slaves in states or parts of states that were against the Union would be free.
Battle of Gettysburg
Known as the most decisive battle of the war. Lasted for three days in Gettysburg, PA. Lee was eventually forced to retreat. Turning point of the war that was still not finished.
Lee surrenders to Grant at Appomattox/President Lincoln assassinated
General Grant and General Lee met at a home in the town of Appomattox and discussed the terms of surrender. Grant made a very generous offer that Lee accepted. By the end of May 1865, all the battles and bloody hostilities were over. Lincoln was assassinated about a month later and the leadership of the country fell into the hands of those who did not share his vision for restoring the South to the Union.