The Ishango bone was used to score and tally numbers, which is believed to be in an addition and subtraction pattern.
The Babylonians created a set of 60 symbols to represent numbers, which was the start of math in writing form.
Pi was first calculated by the Babylonians, and since then has been revised to become the circumference of a circle that it is today.
Roman Numerals were originally invented in ancient Rome to help with trade and administering items, which we now use for ancestral lines and important markings.
During the Hellenistic Period in the Middle East, geometry and finding the formula for shapes was introduced by some of the most important mathematicians in history.
"Zero" in mathematics was created in ancient India, which lead to negative numbers and quadratic equations that we use frequently in many different forms of math.
The Binomial Theorem and algebraic calculus was introduced in the 10th century Persia, and is a way to find the probability of successes in a certain amount of trials.
Graphical analysis, fractional exponents, and rectangular coordinates on graphs were created in the 14th century to help with calculating the time-speed-distance of data.
In the 17th century, logarithms were created by John Napier to express large numbers smaller and speed up calculations.
Fractals were discovered by Benoit Mandelbrot in 1979, and help scientists and mathematicians measure large, repetitive, geometric shapes.