• When people found out about the Treaty of Versailles, many people in China got mad.
- Treaty of Versailles said that the allies could take the Chinese territory that had previously been the Germans
•On May 4, 1919, over 3,000 students met in the middle of Beijing
- This action had then spread to other cities and drastically became a Nationalist movement
• The movement showed that the people were committed to the goal of creating a modern and strong nation
Nationalists and Communists Clash
• Nationalist troops moved into Shanghai
• The nationalist troops killed many of the Communist leaders and trade union members
- The nationalists nearly wiped out the whole Chinese Communist Party
• In 1928 the British and United States recognized the type of government in China then. They knew they had to be cautious around them because they didn't want to start a war.
The Long march
Communist compound were surrounded by nationalists and they escaped from them and walked a long tie to Yan'an
As they walk, they gain support from peasants which helps them grow in a larger size
World War II in China
• Under Mao Zedong's rule over the Communists, he won over many of the people's loyalty because he was giving them food and shelter. That allowed him to take or control much of China
• Jiang Jieshi dominated southwestern China as the head of the Nationalists
- He made the Nationalist party hate the Communist party
• The nationalists were getting all these imports of aid and money but instead of putting them to the army, they gave it to officers who didn't use the money correctly•.
• Because of this, they didn't have enough soldiers or supplies so when the fought Mao's Communist army, they lost and had to surrender.
Agrarian Reform Law
time when peasants get their land
Mao's Brand of Marxist Socialism
• Mao wanted the people or more importantly to be happy
• So he got rid of the landlords who were holding pieces of land and gave them to the peasants
• But eventually, he lied and got rid of their rights to have land
- Mao made the peasants join communes
The "Great Leap Forward"
• Because of his success, Mao introduced the "Great Leap Forward" as part of his five-year plan. This called for larger farms or known as communes.
• The communes were farms that were run by many peasants. The farms were very very strict
• They ate in communal dining rooms, slept in communal dormitories, and raised children in communal nurseries. The mothers would only get 45 minutes in a DAY to nurse their own babies.
• Because of this, the peasants had no incentive to work because if they worked had then they wouldn't get a promotion or special things, so why work hard.
• Yet, in 1961 this program ended because people were getting mad about crop failures caused by famine that killed more than 20 million people
The Cultural Revolution
• Mao wanted to establish or make a society of peasants and workers in which all would be equal with one another
• To do that he put the Red Guards in charge of that
- they were students or high school kids that formed a militia
• The threat was educated, people. To get rid of them, the Red Guards shut down colleges and schools. They got rid of or targeted the people that resisted this
• Because of this chaos had threatened the farm's production of goods and threatened to close down factories
• At the end of this in 1969, Mao admitted and told the people and government that this movement had to stop before anything else got worse. So he had to put down and get rid of the Red Guards.